Break activity volunteers in primary schools
- Break activity volunteers are trained during autumns in co-operation with the Department of Teacher Education in Turku
- The target group is the students of the 5th and 6th years
- The aim is to promote exercise during breaks with a ‘peer instructor’ principle
- Contain equipment suitable for break activities
- In primary schools every class has their own break basket
- In secondary schools the equipment is school-specific
- The baskets should be restocked on a regula
The name SPIN was invented by students – it comes from the words ”sportin innoittamat” which means ‘inspired by sport’.
SPIN activities train secondary school students to become the physical education representatives of their own schools. SPIN activity was initiated by the Finnish School Sport Federation (KKL) in 2005.
Physical exercise guidance is organized by the physical education instructors of the Education Division in co-operation with the various administrative sections and education institutions of the city as well as with the operators of the third sector.
Physical exercise guidance supports the physical education and health education given during lessons. Guidance is planned in co-operation with the Student Sport Committees consisting of the schools' physical education representatives and physical education teachers.
Physical exercise at school consists of physical education lessons that are based on the physical education curriculum, lessons including physical activity as well as the physical activity during breaks, on the way to and from school, during club activities and activities organized by the physical exercise guidance at school.
- There are physical education lessons weekly throughout the school year in basic education
- In upper secondary education there are two compulsory physical education classes during the entire upper secondary school
Distance teaching is utilized in small group religion teaching and in the teaching of some languages in the comprehensive schools of Turku. This aims to decrease student transport, increase teaching in year groups instead of mixed groups, and to broaden the selection of optional languages.
Learning can be enhanced by using information and communication technologies (ICT) in various ways. At the same time the student will learn important working and information society skills for postgraduate studies and working life. In the new curriculums the role of ICT is emphasized and suitable technology is present in all learning in a way that is appropriate considering the age group and learning contents starting from early childhood education.
What is global education?
- International education = Global education = an activity guiding people’s joint responsibility worldwide
- The task is to open people's eyes and minds to the realities of the world, and awaken them to bring about a world of greater justice, equity and human rights for all
Fields of global education:
- Intercultural education
- Environmental education
- Human rights education
- Development education
- Peace and security education
Global education is not an independent subj
The new curriculum encourages the improvement of school culture
A change in school culture requires that the voice of children and young persons can be heard in the school community. Schools implement the operating culture of School on the Move programme according to the national objectives.
More comfortable school days
Doing things together and taking students into the development work of schools contributes to the comfort at school. Registered schools get materials and practical tips about how to make school days more comfortable and functional.
Entrepreneurship education is attitude above all!
Students are tutored to work systematically and with perseverance and to take responsibility for their own doings. They are encouraged to recognize their strengths and to become interested in various things. Students are also encouraged to be persistent in finishing their tasks and to appreciate the work results.
One section of the basic education national core curriculum approved by the Finnish National Board of Education is the responsibility over the environment, well-being and sustainable future. The objectives of sustainable development are included in the teaching of all basic education subjects.
The goal is to increase the student’s abilities and the motivation to work for the well-being of the environment and humans.
The aim of basic education is to raise citizens who are conscious of the environment and committed to a more sustainable way of life.
All students in the comprehensive schools of Turku can participate in the Environment Trail. Primary school students will be invited to the Environment Trail once per school year.
Culture Path is based on the curriculum.
Culture Path is a plan according to which every student in the comprehensive schools of Turku visits various cultural locations three times per school year. For example libraries, concerts, theatres, Turku Castle and museums can be visited. In the second and eighth years students will also go to movies. Additional information about locations and topical events is available on the Culture Path website (in Finnish).
Basic education implements the child’s rights for learning and personal well-being. The modules that support teaching strengthen the children’s involvement, activity, and knowledge of culture and nature, and encourage the children to exercise, examine, express themselves, and experience art and entrepreneurship amongst other things.
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In addition to the teaching of religions, schoolwork may include religious events such as services, religious morning assemblies or religious concerts. These events are considered as religious practice.
The student studies either a religion or ethics. Turku organizes teaching of Evangelical-Lutheran, Orthodox, Roman Catholic and Islamic religions, as well as ethics teaching.
When the student participates in religious education the school year report will not mention which religion’s curriculum the student has followed. If the student has been exempted from religious education at school because they receive their religious education in their own religious community, religion will not be marked on the school year report as a subject.
Teaching in schools is based on the curriculum, which in turn is based on laws and regulations. The curriculum illustrates practical school work and all schools must follow it, which means it is a standard. The National Board of Education has approved the national core curriculum of basic education, and the municipality-specific section of Turku City basic education curriculum for years 1–9 is based on it. Additionally, school-specific specifications for organizing teaching have been described on the schools’ curriculums or school year plans.
The student’s local secondary school is determined by the primary school. The student has a right to apply for some other school as well regardless of area borders.
Parents or guardians of the students will be informed about the transition to the seventh year during the turn of the year. Information sessions will be held in secondary schools in January.
Transition from preschool to primary school
Local schools co-operate with preschool units to make it easier for the child to start school. The co-operation forms and practices vary among schools and areas. Every school has assigned a contact teacher who coordinates the co-operation between preschool education and the school. Local schools organize visiting days for new students in spring.
Organizations, communities, companies and private persons can rent school facilities outside teaching hours (mostly weekday evenings and weekends).
The costs for renting school facilities can be found on the application form. The principal of the school may also allow the use of school facilities for free or for 20% discount if the criteria mentioned on the application form are met. The renter must also pay for a supervisor if the principal demands that a supervisor needs to be present.
School menus can be found in Finnish on the web pages of Arkea Ruokapalvelu:
- Menus for primary schools (arkea.fi in Finnish)
- Menus for secondary schools and upper secondary schools (arkea.fi in Finnish)
Parents have the primary responsibility in the upbringing of their child. The school is responsible for the child’s teaching and bringing up as a member of the school community. The task of the school is to provide the parents or guardians information so that they can follow and promote the learning and school attendance of their children.
The law on basic education obligates schools to co-operate with homes. The co-operation may be related to:
- the learning of the child
- writing a curriculum
- developing the operations of the school
Support for learning and growth is part of high quality basic education. Support for learning and school attendance is available for all students. Forms of support include the student’s pedagogical support, guidance and student welfare. The student has a right for early, systematic and proactive support. The support received by the student must be flexible, persevering, and it must transform according to the student’s needs. Different forms of support can be used singly or in conjunction with others so that they complement each other.